2023-05-22     分类   技术     标签   django   阅读 134        

from __future__ import unicode_literals

from django.conf import settings
from django.contrib.contenttypes.fields import GenericForeignKey
from django.contrib.contenttypes.models import ContentType
from django.contrib.sites.models import Site
from django.db import models
from django.urls import reverse
from django.utils import timezone
from django.utils.encoding import python_2_unicode_compatible
from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy as _

from .managers import CommentManager

COMMENT_MAX_LENGTH = getattr(settings, 'COMMENT_MAX_LENGTH', 3000)

class BaseCommentAbstractModel(models.Model):
    An abstract base class that any custom comment models probably should

    # Content-object field
    content_type = models.ForeignKey(ContentType,
                                     verbose_name=_('content type'),
    object_pk = models.TextField(_('object ID'))
    content_object = GenericForeignKey(ct_field="content_type", fk_field="object_pk")

    # Metadata about the comment
    # site = models.ForeignKey(Site, on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    site = models.ForeignKey(Site, default=None, blank=True, null=True, on_delete=models.CASCADE)

    class Meta:
        abstract = True

    def get_content_object_url(self):
        Get a URL suitable for redirecting to the content object.
        return reverse(
            args=(self.content_type_id, self.object_pk)

class CommentAbstractModel(BaseCommentAbstractModel):
    A user comment about some object.

    # Who posted this comment? If ``user`` is set then it was an authenticated
    # user; otherwise at least user_name should have been set and the comment
    # was posted by a non-authenticated user.
    user = models.ForeignKey(settings.AUTH_USER_MODEL, verbose_name=_('user'),
                             blank=True, null=True, related_name="%(class)s_comments",
    # user_name = models.CharField(_("user's name"), max_length=50, blank=True)
    # user_email = models.EmailField(_("user's email address"), blank=True)
    # user_url = models.URLField(_("user's URL"), blank=True)

    # user = models.ForeignKey(settings.AUTH_USER_MODEL, verbose_name=_('user'),
    #                          blank=True, null=True, related_name="%(class)s_comments",
    #                          on_delete=models.SET_NULL)

    # Explicit `max_length` to apply both to Django 1.7 and 1.8+.
    user_email = models.EmailField(_("user's email address"), max_length=254,
                                   blank=True, null=True, default='')
    user_url = models.URLField(_("user's URL"), blank=True, null=True, default='null')

    user_name = models.CharField(_("user's name"), max_length=50, blank=True)
    user_img = models.ImageField(upload_to="user_images", blank=True, null=True, verbose_name="用户图像")
    comment_title = models.CharField(max_length=256, default="æ— æ ‡é¢˜", blank=True, null=True, verbose_name="è¯„è®ºæ ‡é¢˜")
    parent_comment = models.ForeignKey('self', default=None, blank=True, null=True, related_name="child_comment",
    level = models.PositiveIntegerField(default=0, blank=True, null=True, verbose_name='评论层级')
    comment = models.TextField(_('comment'), max_length=COMMENT_MAX_LENGTH)

    # comment = models.TextField(_('comment'), max_length=COMMENT_MAX_LENGTH)

    # Metadata about the comment
    submit_date = models.DateTimeField(_('date/time submitted'), default=None, db_index=True)
    ip_address = models.GenericIPAddressField(_('IP address'), unpack_ipv4=True, blank=True, null=True)
    is_public = models.BooleanField(_('is public'), default=True,
                                    help_text=_('Uncheck this box to make the comment effectively '
                                                'disappear from the site.'))
    is_removed = models.BooleanField(_('is removed'), default=False,
                                     help_text=_('Check this box if the comment is inappropriate. '
                                                 'A "This comment has been removed" message will '
                                                 'be displayed instead.'))

    # Manager
    objects = CommentManager()

    class Meta:
        abstract = True
        ordering = ('submit_date',)
        permissions = [("can_moderate", "Can moderate comments")]
        verbose_name = _('comment')
        verbose_name_plural = _('comments')

    def __str__(self):
        return "%s: %s..." % (, self.comment[:50])

    def save(self, *args, **kwargs):
        if self.submit_date is None:
            self.submit_date =
        super(CommentAbstractModel, self).save(*args, **kwargs)

    def _get_userinfo(self):
        Get a dictionary that pulls together information about the poster
        safely for both authenticated and non-authenticated comments.

        This dict will have ``name``, ``email``, and ``url`` fields.
        if not hasattr(self, "_userinfo"):
            userinfo = {
                "name": self.user_name,
                "email": self.user_email,
                "url": self.user_url
            if self.user_id:
                u = self.user
                    userinfo["email"] =

                # If the user has a full name, use that for the user name.
                # However, a given user_name overrides the raw user.username,
                # so only use that if this comment has no associated name.
                if u.get_full_name():
                    userinfo["name"] = self.user.get_full_name()
                elif not self.user_name:
                    userinfo["name"] = u.get_username()
            self._userinfo = userinfo
        return self._userinfo

    userinfo = property(_get_userinfo, doc=_get_userinfo.__doc__)

    def _get_name(self):
        return self.userinfo["name"]

    def _set_name(self, val):
        if self.user_id:
            raise AttributeError(_("This comment was posted by an authenticated "
                                   "user and thus the name is read-only."))
        self.user_name = val

    name = property(_get_name, _set_name, doc="The name of the user who posted this comment")

    def _get_email(self):
        return self.userinfo["email"]

    def _set_email(self, val):
        if self.user_id:
            raise AttributeError(_("This comment was posted by an authenticated "
                                   "user and thus the email is read-only."))
        self.user_email = val

    email = property(_get_email, _set_email, doc="The email of the user who posted this comment")

    def _get_url(self):
        return self.userinfo["url"]

    def _set_url(self, val):
        self.user_url = val

    url = property(_get_url, _set_url, doc="The URL given by the user who posted this comment")

    def get_absolute_url(self, anchor_pattern="#c%(id)s"):
        return self.get_content_object_url() + (anchor_pattern % self.__dict__)

    def get_as_text(self):
        Return this comment as plain text.  Useful for emails.
        d = {
            'user': self.user or,
            'date': self.submit_date,
            'comment': self.comment,
            'url': self.get_absolute_url()
        return _('Posted by %(user)s at %(date)s\n\n%(comment)s\n\nhttp://%(domain)s%(url)s') % d